Tribute to Mabel Norris Reese
The courage of Mabel Norris Reese may have been forgotten had it not been for 'Devil in the Grove', Gilbert King's Pulitzer Prize-winning book that recounted a tragedy that occurred in Lake County, Florida. Accused of a raping a white woman, black suspects who became known as "The Groveland Four" were victims of the time -- and victims of Lake County Sheriff Willis McCall. One, Ernest Green, was killed by a posse before he could stand trial. The others (Walter Irvin, Samuel Shepherd, and Charles Greenlee) were imprisoned and brutally tortured by McCall and his deputies to coerce confessions.
Reese, owner and editor of the small town Mount Dora Topic newspaper, initially sided with McCall. But when he murdered Sammy Shepherd and wounded Walter Irvin by claiming the handcuffed prisoners had tried to escape, Reese realized she had been an unwitting accomplice in his reign of terror. Despite threats to her life and her livelihood which found the KKK detonating two bombs at her home, burning a cross in her lawn, poisoning her dog, and launching a rival newspaper to drive her out of business, she spent the remainder of her career dedicated to holding the corrupt sheriff, deputies, judges, and attorneys to task. She was nominated for a Pulitzer Prize for her persistent attempts to gain justice for the Platt family, whose children were suspected of being "negroes" and, therefore, forced out of Mount Dora's public schools. Despite McCall's wrath, she continued to write articles in support of the two surviving Groveland Boys until they were released from prison. Concurrently, she continued to write articles and form alliances with politicians and attorneys to find justice for Jesse Daniels, a mentally disabled 19-year old who spent fourteen years in the state hospital for the insane after McCall, with the aid of local judges and attorneys, framed him for rape.
These funds will be used to create a bust of Mabel Norris Reese to be placed on public display in Mount Dora. It will be a visible reminder of the need to protect a free press, of how the written word can bring justice to unjust situations, and to honor the courage of a woman who couldn't be intimidated.