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Gulf Coast Blues Grave

$1,680 of $2,500 goal

Raised by 33 people in 14 months
Hi! I'm Jonathan Hilbun, here today on behalf of the Mt. Zion Memorial Fund. This campaign has been almost thirty years in the making since Gayle Dean Wardlow found the death certificate of south Mississippi "gospel blues" artist "Blind Roosevelt Graves" in the 1990s. The document revealed that he had died at Gulfport Memorial Hospital of a heart attack on December 30, 1962. Lockett's Mortuary handled the funeral arrangements and interment of his remains in Mississippi City Cemetery on January 6, 1963. [Click HERE to read more about his life and career}

Please make a contribution today. Make a donation to this most worthy endeavor.


The MZMF--in support of Historical Society of Gulfport (HSG) and the The Mississippi City Cemetery (MCP) project, a restoration and preservation project of the HSG dedicated to the documentation of all marked and unmarked graves--initiated a campaign in July to bring new information to light about the final years of Roosevelt Graves in Gulfport and erect a memorial on his and his wife's unmarked grave. This project furthers the mission of the HSG in many ways, not the least of which are "disseminating information about Gulfport history, planning and developing programs that reflect the history of the area, and the preservation of the local area's significant cultural resources."

On Thursday, October 12, the MZMF will be in Gulfport to speak at a monthly meeting of the HSG and reveal all of the new evidence that we unearthed over the past months. The residency of Roosevelt and Elizabeth (Woods) Graves in the historic African American community of Soria City coincided with perhaps the boldest example of how non-violent direct action  protests and legal challenges can "bring together a group of individuals who share a common interest: equal treatment under the law.

Lee Moise Roosevelt Graves was a recording artist and guitarist who mixed secular and sacred material during his career. He is credited with making some of the earliest rock and roll recordings in the 1930s. Born in Jones County near Laurel, Mississippi, he and his brother Uaroy began playing juke joints in the early 1920s, and in 1929 they cut a number of 'rocking and reeling' spirituals for Paramount, all of which feature pianist Will Ezell.

He is buried in Mississippi City Cemetery in Gulfport, Mississippi. The Mt. Zion Memorial Fund is now soliciting funds to erect a fitting headstone on his unmarked grave. PLEASE support our endeavor.

Scroll Down for Biographical Information

The Graves brothers often performed on Front Street in Laurel, and the duo proved so popular that the audience at times blocked the road. Most of the time the brothers posted up in front of Lott’s Furniture Store, one of several similar stores in cities all across south Mississippi. The owner was Reuben Lott, a native of southwest Alabama who attended college at North Manchester, Indiana. He enjoyed the large crowds that gathered to hear the musicians because larger numbers of people in front of the store often translated into large numbers of people who entered the store and bought furniture. The performances of the Graves brothers in front of Lott’s sometimes attracted the attention of the local police, who might either intervene and break up the crowd, or put some money in the tin cup and listen to a while. By the end of the day, however, the brothers had usually filled the cup full of coins and dumped it out many times.


In 1936 Paramount Records talent scout and Jackson furniture store owner H C Speir, who had been responsible for their 1929 recordings, located the Graves Brothers performing in a church in McComb, Mississippi, and arranged for them to do a second recording session in Hattiesburg at the Hattiesburg Hotel. To play piano in the session, Speir chose Cooney Vaughn, an influential live performer in Hattiesburg. They called the new combo the MISSISSIPPI JOOK BAND. The combination of Vaughn's uninhibited piano style with the religious feeling and musical versatility of the Graves Brothers resulted in what was described as the beginnings of a new type of music, rock and roll. With Roosevelt Graves singing vocals and playing guitar, brother Uaroy Graves on tambourine and kazoo, and Vaughn on piano they recorded a number of songs, amongst which were the notable, "Barbecue Bust" and "Dangerous Woman" both featuring fully formed rock and roll guitar riffs and a stomping rock and roll beat. The Mississippi Jook Band continued to perform for while during the late 1930's but then broke up. Piano player Cooney Vaughn performed weekly on radio station WCOC in Meridian prior to World War II.

A crude work of art depicting the Graves' brothers going electric in front of Lott's Furniture Store.

In 1937, Roosevelt Graves married a woman named Mary, who subsequently relocated her husband to West Memphis, Arkansas, specifically the small community of Hulbert near the Mighty Mississippi River. He stayed in the Memphis area for a couple of years, but he and his wife moved to 730 West Natchez Street in Jackson, MS in 1939. In 1941, however, he lived at 719 West Natchez Avenue with his brother (who is listed as Evan Graves—both are “musician”) but Mary lived way over at 711 South Jefferson Street. Alex van der Tuuk suggests that Graves may have performed with two horn players, a guitarist and a bassist in the early 1940s.

Sometime in the 1940s, he moved back to Laurel with Mary. She died in the early 1950s, and Uaroy died in the late 1950s. Roosevelt, meanwhile, wound up in Hattiesburg, where he hooked up with a blind woman named Elizabeth Woods. She took him home to Gulfport, where they supposedly got married. In his last years, he joined the Baptist Church and sang in a male quartet. Someone even saw him perform in Chicago around 1962 at Maxwell Street Market. He was in Gulfport, however, on December 15, when he suffered a heart attack. He died fifteen days later, and he was buried on January 6, 1963 in an unmarked grave in Mississippi City Cemetery. Beside him, most likely, lies the remains of Elizabeth Woods, who died in 1970.

Please donate to this project and help us honor an amazing blues artist from Mississippi and buried in Gulport.

+ Read More
Samuel Charters Beamed about the Music of the Graves Brothers, and Gulfport will Beam with Pride at long last once we Honor this amazing artist
Charters Beams about the Graves Brothers
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Please SHARE after you DONATE and help us get to the halfway mark on the Roosevelt Graves campaign. We have had very little luck in south Mississippi as far as monetary support for the cemetery project. Small donations help big time.....
Roosevelt Graves' unmarked grave
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The campaign got a little somewhat accurate press down in south Mississippi.
http://www.wlox.com/clip/13811708/historians-looking-to-memorialize-blues-musician

About 20 people attended the Jonathan's talk at the historical society in Gulfport. Here is a note he forwarded.

I met a guy who grew up with Famous McElhaney and who was the architect who designed the Morning Star Baptist Church. And I have an awesome story about Famous. When they built the new church in 1960 or 1961, they didn't have enough money for air conditioning. At the dedication for the new building, Famous locked everyone in and told them nobody was leaving till they raised the $15k needed for air conditioning. And they got the AC.
Jonathan Hilbun
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Help us get to the halfway point.....we're going to get there with a little help....Check out Andy Cohen perform the Graves brothers 1929 recording of "Woke up this Morning"
Andy Cohen performs "Woke Up This Mornin
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$1,680 of $2,500 goal

Raised by 33 people in 14 months
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