COVID 19 Resources
Haiti is still recovering from the 2010 Earthquake to 2016 hurricane Matthew,
from 2021 President assassination to another fatal 7.2 magnitude Earthquake
recently disturbed and destroy many lives:
2 plus million people are affected and
2200 plus killed.
50,000 plus home have been destroyed and
77,000 plus home have been damaged.
60 place of worship have been destroyed and
20 schools have been destroyed.
25 health centers
48 foster homes
Yet still in the rubbles asking and hoping for your humanity.
Please join us in making an impact and differences in the lives of hundreds of Haitian victim families in the southern part of Haiti like Maniche, Camperrin and others, by joining hand in raising money to buy tents and other supplies to benefit the Victim of the 08/14/2021 Earthquake.
Your donations will be delivered directly to the victims by our local Delegation.
More information about Rebirth Inc: Rebirth is a local 501 (c)(3) nonprofit organization created in 2002. It was founded on the idea of empowering and enriching our local communities & abroad by helping running a community school in the Island of Lagonave, Haiti for 19yrs.
We believe in helping restore moral, dignity, and social Integration of the disadvantaged people, through basic educations, informations, and social services. https://www.rebirth4hope.org/ , https://www.facebook.com/rebirthinc/ , https://www.facebook.com/radiooasisfm100.5
More information about The Delmarva Haitian Community Center: The Haitian Development Center of Delmarva is a local 501 (c)(3) nonprofit organization serves as a resource center for current Haitians living in the community and those who are planning on moving into the area.
Additional Information: https://www.facebook.com/HaitianDevelopmentCenter/
Provide assistance on education, employment, housing, health, immigration, and other social concerns
All funds are sent directly to partners on the ground. Rebirth and HDCD with this campaign are not keeping any of the funds raised - no salaries or admin fees or any costs except what Go Fund Me keeps for credit card processing fees.
More facts and reality
Just before 8:30 a.m. ET on Aug. 14, an M7.2 earthquake struck the southwest of Haiti in the mountains between the Nippes Department and Sud Department. This earthquake occurred at a depth of only 6.2 miles (10 km), which is critical because shallow earthquakes usually cause more damage.
Source: U.S. Geological Survey, Interactive Map.
For comparison, the catastrophic 2010 earthquake took place approximately 46.6 miles (75 km) west of this earthquake and was an M7.0 that occurred at a depth of 8.1 miles (13 km). As a result, the damages from this earthquake are similar to 2010, albeit on a smaller scale due to the more rural geography and smaller population at the epicenter. Just under a million people live within 31 miles (50 kilometers) of the epicenter and about 234,000 live within nine miles (15 km).
There have been dozens of aftershocks recorded since the earthquake, ranging from M2.5 to M5.8 Unlike the 2010 earthquake, research teams are on the ground monitoring the aftershocks and gathering information to help predict future activity.
Haiti experienced a direct hit from Tropical Depression (TD) Grace overnight on Aug. 16. International humanitarian and response teams had to reduce many of their operations, especially the air-bridge being used to distribute supplies. Those who had lost homes or who remained outside fearing an aftershock huddled under tarps or tried to find shelter elsewhere. It is not known how much rain fell as but the “storm was forecast to dump 5 to 10 inches of rain as it passed Haiti, with as much as 15 inches possible locally. Weather data isn’t regularly available from Haiti even in the best of times, but early satellite reports indicated more than 5 inches fell in some areas,” according to Weather.com. Videos shared on social media show extensive street flooding.
Hundreds of landslides have occurred in the impacted area. The most significant landslide to date blocked the major national highway between Jeremie and Les Cayes hampering travel for rescue and aid efforts. TD Grace also triggered more landslides as destabilized soil got wet.
According to the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UN OCHA), “The back-to-back disasters are exacerbating preexisting vulnerabilities. At the time of the disaster, Haiti is still reeling from the 7 July assassination of President Jovenel Moïse and still facing an escalation in gang violence since June that has affected 1.5 million people, with at least 19,000 displaced in the metropolitan area of Port-au-Prince. The compounded effects of an ongoing political crisis, socio-economic challenges, food insecurity and gang violence continue to greatly worsen an already precarious humanitarian situation. Some 4.4 million people, or nearly 46 per cent of the population, face acute food insecurity, including 1.2 million who are in emergency levels (IPC 4) and 3.2 million people at crisis levels (IPC Phase 3). An estimated 217,000 children suffer from moderate-to-severe acute malnutrition.”
The World Bank says, “With a Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita of US $1,149.50 and a Human Development Index ranking of 170 out of 189 countries in 2020, Haiti remains the poorest country in the Latin America and Caribbean region and among the poorest countries in the world … In addition to the challenges posed by the pandemic and the political stalemate, Haiti remains highly vulnerable to natural hazards, mainly hurricanes, floods and earthquakes. More than 96% of the population is exposed to these types of shocks.”
According to the World Food Programme, 77% of people in the affected area live in poverty. This increases their challenges in recovering from the disasters.
Haiti has also been overrun by gang violence and plagued by civil unrest, food insecurity, low education rates and cholera. This led Human Rights Watch (HRW) to state, “Protracted political instability and gang violence in 2020—often with state ties—contributed to the Haitian government’s inability to meet the basic needs of its people, resolve longstanding human rights problems, and address humanitarian crises.”
HRW also said:
“At least 12,000 people were reported displaced in 2020, the majority due to gang violence and a cyclone in July. Many more displaced people likely went uncounted.
Over 140,000 families displaced by Hurricane Matthew in 2016 still need decent shelter.
Since the 2010 earthquake, nearly 33,000 people still live in displacement camps and at least 300,000 live in an informal settlement without government oversight. Authorities have not provided assistance to return or resettle them, or to ensure their basic rights in the settlement.
The country’s most vulnerable communities face environmental risks, including widespread deforestation, industrial pollution, and limited access to safe water and sanitation.
According to international agencies, some 4.1 million Haitians—more than a third—live with food insecurity, and 2.1 percent of children suffer severe malnutrition.
Low rainfall, exacerbated by rising temperatures due to climate change, chronically affects much of the country.
Since its introduction by UN peacekeepers in 2010, cholera has infected more than 819,000 people and claimed nearly 10,000 lives.
Over a third of the population lacks access to clean water and two-thirds has limited or no sanitation service.
Haiti’s prisons remain severely overcrowded, with many inmates living in inhumane conditions. As of September 2020, prisons housed nearly 11,000 detainees, 78 percent of whom were awaiting trial.
Just under half of Haitians age 15 and older are illiterate. The quality of education is generally low, and 85 percent of schools are private, charging fees often too high for low-income families.
Unrest and the pandemic kept 70 percent of Haitian children from classes throughout the school year. From September through November 2019, instability kept an estimated 3 million children out of school, and in March, the pandemic closed schools for five months. Prior to the pandemic, Haiti already had 500,000 school-age children out of school.”
In addition, as with all countries in the world, Haiti is affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. As of Aug. 26, Haiti has reported 20,833 cases and 584 deaths. Testing is not (and has not been) a priority so these numbers are likely severe underestimations. Haiti did not receive any vaccines until July 13, just one month before the earthquake. As a result, only 0.22% of residents have received one dose and 0.02% (under 500 people) have been fully vaccinated. NGOs supporting response in the country are also implementing vaccination programs.
All of these circumstances will make the response and recovery from this disaster incredibly challenging in the coming days. The Haitian Prime Minister has declared a month-long state of emergency in the most impacted departments, including the departments of Sud, Nippes and Grand’Anse.
According to UNICEF, more than 1.2 million people, including 540,000 children, were affected in the region. More than 2,207 people have died per the latest report from the Civil Protection Agency (CPA) (Aug. 22), with nearly 12,268 people injured. Search and rescue workers are still looking for nearly 344 missing people and CPA officials expect the numbers to climb.
There are still only preliminary official damage reports at this time, as some areas remain inaccessible. According to UNOCHA, “Almost 53,000 homes have been destroyed and more than 77,000 have sustained damage. About 800,000 people have been affected and an estimated 650,000 people – 40 per cent of the 1.6 million people living in the affected departments – are in need of emergency humanitarian assistance.”
Thousands of people are now homeless and there is an urgent need for shelters, which is hindered by the amount of damage and by the pandemic. About 120,000 people are in need of safe water, a high priority because of the 2010 cholera epidemic that Haiti only recently resolved.
Photos from news organizations, NGOs on the ground and social media are showing leveled buildings – some with people still inside them – including hotels, homes and businesses. There has been a significant loss of churches in Haiti, particularly those that belong to the Catholic church (the country’s official religion is Catholicism with about 55% of the country belonging to that denomination).
The damage is concentrated in southwest Haiti on the Tiburon Penisula. The cities of Les Cayes and Jeremie have reported the most damage so far. Several small villages have been wiped off the map and many are still inaccessible. The mayor of the village of Maniche, 20 miles north of Les Cayes, is reporting that 98% of his community was destroyed.
There are about 140 hospitals or health centers in the area of impact. It is reported that four were destroyed and 32 experienced structural damage; 12 of those are extremely damaged. People continue to wait outside the hospitals and others are still arriving from remote or rural villages. These hospitals are short on supplies including equipment and medicine because of the volume of need. The most critically injured are being transferred to hospitals in Port-au-Prince or other regions of the country. A surgeon from Georgia who responded to the 2010 earthquake says there are three stages of emergency disaster medicine: “The first phase is for saving lives. The second is for saving limbs. The third is to improve function.” Many of the injuries are reported to be orthopedic – broken bones or amputated limbs.
According to UNICEF, in the Sud Department, “94 of the 255 schools have either sustained damages or been completely destroyed.” In Grand’Anse, 63 schools were destroyed and 39 more sustained damage. Schools were scheduled to reopen on Sept. 7 after being closed for months due to COVID-19. As in many countries, schools in Haiti are not just a place of learning and socialization, but also an opportunity to access health services and nutritional programs.
The most critical need at this time is an effective and coordinated response that takes into account the lessons learned from the 2010 quake, including those related to secondary disasters, including the Cholera outbreak, sexual assaults and “stuff” being donated. In 2010, donations included breast milk that spoiled, a box of frisbees mailed from Germany, winter clothes, tuxedos and energy drinks. It is estimated that 60% of in-kind donations are wasted.
At this time, the Haitian government has allowed international governments to send resources, search and rescue teams, and damage assessment experts. It is not yet clear what level of external supports they will allow. Delivery and distribution of supplies is also hampered by the presence of gangs on the main transportation routes. Another challenge, according to UN OCHA, is that aid convoys are finding their routes blocked by communities along the way who haven’t received sufficient aid yet.
Additionally, Haiti was overrun with existing and emergent disaster relief organizations. While many of these organizations did great work, on the 5th year anniversary, the Correspondent wrote, “At the peak of the humanitarian response, over 10,000 aid organizations were active in Haiti – that’s one for every 900 people. Exactly how many, no one knows. The result was chaos: redundant efforts, competition, a lack of coordination, oversight and accountability.”
According to ACAPS, the key considerations to keep in mind are: “The impact of the earthquake is going to aggravate pre-existing needs and vulnerabilities caused by political instability, recurring violence, food insecurity, and the COVID-19 outbreak. Haiti has high humanitarian constraints. Access has been deteriorating because of the escalating insecurity since the beginning of 2021. Damage to telecommunication networks delays the transmission of information for humanitarian organisations. Roads were damaged, adding a constraint to humanitarian access.”
There are a number of immediate response needs and we can also anticipate long-term needs for recovery:
Emergency basic needs including food, shelter, hygiene items, cash assistance, tarps, rebuilding supplies, water, PPE and COVID-19 supplies.
Emergency health and psychological first aid are desperate needs. Many of the victims of the 2021 earthquake will also have lived through the 2010 earthquake and Hurricane Matthew in 2016 and will likely require significant mental health and emotional support. There will also need to be psychosocial support for front-line responders – both international and Haitian. Given the loss of a high number of churches, a critical component of Haitian society, emotional disaster spiritual care are also important. With about 10,000 reported injuries in an already under-resourced health system, there is a critical need for medical support including equipment and supplies, medications and human resources – trained staff and disaster health responders. The highest need for physical health will likely be in orthopedics.
Protection initiatives to protect everyone’s safety, especially women and girls from violence including gender-based violence. All at-risk populations including the elderly, people living with disabilities, orphaned children need to have protection efforts instituted.
Rebuilding will include infrastructure (WASH, electrical, communications, transportation, etc.) and businesses, homes, schools, health facilities and churches. This will be ongoing for many years as there are still people homeless from the 2010 earthquake and 2016’s Hurricane Matthew.
Livelihood restoration is also important and will be an ongoing concern. Businesses were destroyed, including some of the hotels in tourist areas, a critical component of the Haitian economy. Given the high levels of existing poverty, there will be a need for the development of new revenue-generating activities.
The United Nations and its partners launched a flash appeal on Aug. 25 to raise $187.3 million, “urgently needed to provide vital relief assistance to more than 800,000 people affected by the devastating earthquake in Haiti, including shelter, water and sanitation, emergency healthcare, food, protection and early recovery.” This funding will target 500,000 of the most vulnerable people impacted by the earthquake.
According to UN OCHA: “Haiti’s Prime Minister Ariel Henry emphasized, ‘We need efforts for recovery and reconstruction to start in earnest and simultaneously with the humanitarian response.’” They also shared that, “The United Nations Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator, Bruno Lemarquis, said, ‘Haiti and its people need the world’s solidarity more than ever today as they deal with multiples crises at the same time. We thank countries who have responded so quickly and generously with personnel and humanitarian aid and we hope they will continue to do so. In the context of this response, moving towards recovery, and taking into account lessons learned from the devastating 2010 earthquake, it will be absolutely essential to support and rally behind national leadership and coordination efforts, support national and local capacities, systems, economic actors, and to build on Haitian knowledge and expertise for a contextualized response.’”
Additionally, $8 million was granted from the UN Central Emergency Response Fund to initiate the humanitarian response.
CDP hosted a webinar on Aug. 19 called “Disaster in a Crisis Zone: Understanding the Impact of Haiti’s Earthquake.” The key takeaways from the speakers were:
‘As local as possible, as international as necessary.’ This humanitarian principle that Sebastian Rhodes Stampa of UNOCHA shared is important to remember. We want to rely on local knowledge and capacities. We want to reinvigorate the local economy as much as possible, and importing goods, especially to an island, can be very expensive or even inappropriate. If the goods exist locally, buy them there. If not, bring them in but think consciously about it – for example, use water buffalos and solar-powered water filtration systems instead of pallets of bottled water.
Find and fund local leaders. If you are funding an American-based 501(c)(3) find out who their Haitian partners are and ask about salaries and support. What is the proportion of Haitians to international staff on the team? It is critical to value and elevate local voices and local leaders and equip them with the resources they need to lead their country.
Invest in an ecosystem. Aid should be about ending the need for aid. This means taking a wide view and looking at all sectors of society.
You’re in a marathon, but it’s still a race. It is important that funders invest in mid- and long-term recovery. People were still homeless before the earthquake, not just from Hurricane Matthew in 2016 but also from the 2010 earthquake. That should not be the situation 11.5 years after a disaster and it’s not what we want to see when we look forward to 2032. At the same time, there are immediate and essential basic needs that require emergency funding.
As with most disasters, cash donations are recommended by disaster experts as they allow for on-the-ground agencies to direct funds to the greatest area of need, support economic recovery and ensure donation management does not detract from disaster recovery needs. This is particularly true for small-scale individual donations. In addition to the high costs of transporting supplies and problems with distribution, purchasing locally – when items are available – can help rebuild the local economy. According to the Caribbean Disaster Emergency Management Agency, “all needed supplies can be sourced locally.”
If you are a company with goods to donate that meet the needs in Haiti, ensure that you have a recipient organization in Haiti that will be responsible for receiving and distributing supplies. CDP has contacts with several organizations that can receive and distribute large amounts of goods-in-kind including rebuilding supplies, medicine, medical supplies, tents, food, water, lamps, clothing, etc.
CDP has curated a list of responding local and international organizations that have extensive presence in the country. We have based this list on the quality of the organizations, previous history with CDP, reputation, financial due diligence, history in Haiti, and plan of action for response and recovery. It is critical that the organizations work in – or pledge to spend all money in – the impacted area, as not all organizations raising funds work in the southwestern region.
CDP has also created a list of suggestions for foundations to consider related to disaster giving. These include:
Take the long view: Even while focusing on immediate needs, remember that it will take some time for the full range of needs to emerge. Be patient in planning for disaster funding. Recovery will take a long time and funding will be needed throughout.
Recognize there are places private philanthropy can help that government agencies might not: Private funders have opportunities to develop innovative solutions to help prevent or mitigate future disasters that the government cannot execute.
All funders are disaster philanthropists: Even if your organization does not work in a particular geographic area or fund immediate relief efforts, you can look for ways to tie disaster funding into your existing mission. If you focus on education, health, children or vulnerable populations, disasters present prime opportunities for funding.
Ask the experts: If you are considering supporting an organization that is positioned to work in an affected area, do some research. CDP and InterAction can provide resources and guidance about organizations working in affected communities. CDP has a list of vetted organizations and can make recommendations to funders.
UN OCHA: Business Guide – Haiti Earthquake Humanitarian Response, August 2021
The New York Times: Why Haiti still despairs after $13 billion in foreign aid
NBC: Drone video captures damage from deadly Haiti earthquake
Weather.com: Drone video shows devastating Haiti earthquake damage
NPR: Why earthquakes in Haiti are so catastrophic
Denver Post: How this time can be different in Haiti
The New York Times (NYT): Three steps to making smart Haiti donations (from 2010 but relevant)
The Grio: How not to repeat the mistakes of Haiti’s 2010 earthquake and where to donate
National Geographic: Things have gotten worse’: Weary Haitians approach a somber anniversary
The New Humanitarian: Roundup: Haiti’s struggles, a decade after earthquake catastrophe
The Borgen Project: The top 10 most important facts about poverty in Haiti
NYT: A magnet for exploitation: Haiti over the centuries.
United States Geological Survey: M7.2 – 12km NE of Saint-Lous du Sud, Haiti
Caribbean Disaster Emergency Management Agency
CDP Issue Insight: Earthquakes
CDP Issue Insight: Hurricanes, Typhoons and Cyclones
CDP Issue Insight: Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)
CDP Issue Insight: Women and Girls in Disasters
Courtesy of Center for Disaster Philanthropy.
- Emanie Dorival
- Angliche Petion
- Fritz Jeudy